Indonesian Legal System
Being a former Dutch colony for more than 300 years, Indonesia adopted the continental European civil law system as its own legal system.
Judicial power is divided between the Constitutional Court, presiding solely over constitutional as well as election disputes, and that of the Supreme Court.
During court proceeding in Indonesia at all level, each case will be heard before a panel of judges consisting of one Chair Judge accompanied by two Member Judges, who will at the end issue an unanimous decision, although dissenting opinion shall also be cited in the decision.
In civil action, unless the otherwise is statutorily specified in certain special cases, the burden of proof shall rest upon the claimant, and based heavily upon formal instead of material evidences. Judges in civil proceedings also take.