Patents on Plant and Animal Cells in Indonesia

Patents on Plant and Animal Cells in Indonesia

Technological developments nowadays have made it possible for us to carry out cell culture. Cell culture is a laboratory method that enables the growth of eukaryotic or prokaryotic cells in physiological conditions ( This method can thus be carried out on cells derived from animals, plants, fungi, algae, as well as bacteria.

As is well known, plants or animals as individual organisms cannot be patented in Indonesia pursuant to Article 9 of Indonesian Patent Act No. 13 of 2016. However, other living entities, namely microorganisms, are patentable. According to the 2019 Technical Guidelines for Patent Substantive Examination, microorganisms referred to here include yeast, fungi, bacteria, actinomycetes, unicellular algae, virus, protozoa, etc. and further include undifferentiated animal or plant cells and animal/plant tissue cultures.

As an example of a claim related to this case can be described as follows:
1. A rice cell containing a mutated acetyl-Coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCCase) nucleic acid having a sequence as set forth in SEQ ID NO: 4.

Indeed, cell culture is closely related to genetic engineering and biotechnology. These two fields provide extensive opportunities to create profitable new inventions in the fields of agriculture, medicine and industry.

Inventors looking to secure exclusive rights for their inventions can do so by registering their inventions through patents.
For more information about filing patent applications in Indonesia, please don’t hesitate to contact us or visit our official website Our expert in this field will be pleased to assist you in prosecuting your inventions to be patented in Indonesia.

By: Nadyatul Khair